Ultra-high energy cosmic rays and the strongest AGN flares
Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Universitetsky prospekt 13, 119992, Moscow, Russia
2 Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 60th October Anniversary st. 7a, 117312, Moscow, Russia
3 P.N. Lebedev Physical Institute, Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory, 142290 Pushchino, Russia
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Published online: 31 October 2018
We perform an observational test of the hypothesis that ultra-high energy cosmic rays (E > 1020 eV) are accelerated in giant flares of active galactic nuclei (AGN). We use the observations of Fermi LAT during the first 7.4 years of the mission. We select highly variable AGNs with the redshift z ≤ 0:3 and use an empirical relation between the bolometric luminosity and the jet kinetic power in order to find the local kinetic emissivity of strong AGN flares: L ~ 1:1 × 1045erg Mpc-3 yr-1. This is approximately one order of magnitude larger than the UHECR emissivity estimated from the data of Pierre Auger and Telescope Array observatories which makes the whole scenarion feasible provided the acceleration spectrum is sufficiently hard and/or narrow.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.