Simulation of steady-state cuttings transport through a horizontal annulus channel
1 Baker Hughes Russia, Novosibirsk Technology Center, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
2 Institute of Thermophysics of SB RAS, Krasnoyarsk branch, 660036 Krasnoyarsk, Russia
3 Baker Hughes, a GE company, Celle Technology Center, 29221 Celle, Germany
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 14 January 2019
The current study is devoted to simulating cuttings transport by drilling fluid through a horizontal section of borehole with an annular cross section. Drill pipe rotates in fixed eccentric position. Steady-state flow is considered. Cuttings are rigid spheres with equal diameters. The carrying fluid is drilling mud with Herschel-Bulkley rheology. Suspension rheology depends on local shear rate and particles concentration. Continuous mixture model with algebraic equation for particles slipping velocity is used. Two hydrodynamic regimes are considered: axial flow without drill pipe rotation and with drill pipe rotation. In the case of axial flow was shown that increasing of power index n and consistency factor k increases pressure gradient and decreases cuttings concentration. Increasing of yield stress leads to increasing of pressure gradient and cuttings concentration. Cuttings concentration achieves constant value for high yield stress and not depends on it. Rotation of the drill pipe significantly changes the flow structure: pressure loss occurs and particles concentration decreases in the cross section. Two basic regimes of rotational flow are observed: domination of primary vortex around drill pipe and domination secondary vorticity structures. Transition between regimes leads to significant changes of flow integral parameters.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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