Lab-scale evaluation of possible mercury speciation in flue gas and mercury emission from combustion of pulverised solid fuels
Wrocław University of Science and Technology, The Faculty of Mechanical and Power Engineering, The Chair of Energy Technologies, Turbines and Modelling of Thermal and Fluid Flow Processes, 50-370 Wrocław, Wybrzeże Wyspiańskiego 27, Poland
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Published online: 4 February 2019
In this work a new lab-scale method dedicated to the evaluation of both concentration and oxidation level of mercury in flue gases from pulverised fuel fired boiler was proposed. To detect the abovementioned parameters, 2 main steps need to be evaluated. Firstly, a calorimeter bomb is utilised - by a proper implementation of mass balance of mercury within substrates and products, the quantity of oxidised mercury in gaseous products can be evaluated. Then, to simulate solid fuel fired power unit and to calculate mercury concentrations in flue gases, one of the stoichiometric mathematical models of combustion process must be applied. Early validation of the method showed considerable differences between solid fuels in mercury oxidation efficiencies and concentrations in flue gasses. Four examined fuels (lignite, hard coal and 2 types of solid biomass) was investigated. Calculated mercury concentrations in raw flue gas (>700°C) varied between 4 and 75 µg/m3ref. The lowest quantity of oxidised forms ofHg in flue gases were identified in the case of investigated lignite (27% of total Hg), while significantly higher – for selected hard coal (72%) and one type of biomass (with high chlorine concentration; up to 98%).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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