Outflows and particle acceleration in the accretion disks of young stars
Ural Federal University, Kourovka Astronomical Observatory, 51 Lenina str., Ekaterinburg 620000, Russia
2 Chelyabinsk State University, Theoretical Physics Department, 129 Bratiev Kashirinykh str., Cheyabinsk 454001, Russia
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Published online: 4 February 2019
Magneto-gas-dynamic (MGD) outflows from the accretion disks of T Tauri stars with fossil large-scale magnetic fileld are investigated. We consider two mechanisms of the outflows: rise of the magnetic flux tubes (MFT) formed in the regions of eﬃcient generation of the toroidal magnetic fileld in the disk due to Parker instability, and acceleration of particles in the current layer formed near the boundary between stellar magnetosphere and the accretion disk. Structure of the disk is calculated using our MGD model of the accretion disks. We simulate dynamics of the MFT in frame of slender flux tube approximation taking into account aerodynamic and turbulent drags, and radiative heat exchange with external gas. Particle acceleration in the current layer is investigated on the basis of Sweet-Parker model of magnetic reconnection. Our calculations show that the MFT can accelerate to velocities up to 50 km s-1 causing periodic outflows from the accretion disks. Estimations of the particle acceleration in the current layer are applied to interpret high-speed jets and X-rays observed in T Tauri stars with the accretion disks.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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