Cosmological Constant Effects on the Properties of Mass Twin Compact Stars
Department of Physics, Alzahra University, Tehran, 1993893973, Iran
2 Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, JINR Dubna, 141980 Dubna, Russia
Published online: 4 February 2019
We present a systematic investigation of the cosmological constant effects in compact stars interiors in the framework of Einstein’s gravity. Consideration of a cosmological constant Λ in compact stars is motivated by the mechanism of acceleration of the observable universe, where Λ is usually related to the dark energy. In particular, we consider compact star mass twins, hybrid neutron stars that populate both the second and third branch of the mass-radius diagram. For those models, the need of consideration of excluded volume effects in the equation of state, resulting from the filnite size volume of nucleons, leads to a stiffening of matter causing compact stars to acquire higher mass and radius values. We demonstrate that certain values of the cosmological constant can also modify the compact star properties but in an opposite way. In addition, we filnd that the inclusion of Λ can have a similar effect to the existence of pasta phases at the hadron-quark interface.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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