Study of off-axis current drive using EC top-launch in KSTAR
National Fusion Research Institute 169-148 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu Daejeon 34133 Korea
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 25 March 2019
The off-axis current drive using electron cyclotron (EC) wave is typically very low due to the low density and temperature and electron trapping effect when it is launched from outside midplane. However, the heating and current drive by EC wave is being regarded as a essential element as an off-axis current drive source together with lower hybrid current drive (LHCD) for advanced tokamak operation research in KSTAR in future. Therefore, the reliable and high efficient ECCD using top launch has been studied for two different launch schemes of down-shift and up-shift resonance with various EC frequencies which will be available in the future KSTAR ECRH system. The ray tracing (GENRAY) simulation studies show that a broad ECCD profile peaked off axis is obtained with a high current drive efficiency for both schemes. It is almost twice as high as that of the outside midplane launch for the fundamental O-mode EC wave.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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