Advances in turbulence measurements using new Correlation ECE and nT-phase diagnostics at ASDEX Upgrade
Max Plank Institute for Plasma Physics, 85748, Garching, Germany
2 Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
3 Physik-Department E28, Technische Universität München, 85748 Garching, Germany
4 Laboratoire de Physique des Plasmas, Ecole Polytechnique , 91128, Palaiseau cedex, France
5 Lehrstuhl für Hochfrequenztechnik, Technische Universität München , Arcisstr. 21, 80333 München
Published online: 25 March 2019
Guided by predictions from nonlinear gyrokinetic simulations, two new turbulence diagnostics were designed and installed at ASDEX Upgrade (AUG) to probe the fundamentals of ion-scale turbulent electron heat transport. The first, a 30-channel correlation ECE (CECE) radiometer (105-128 GHz, 2nd harmonic X-mode), introduces a novel channel comb arrangement. This allows measurements of high radial resolution profiles (0:5 < r/a < 0:8) of low-k (k⍬⍴s < 0:3) temperature fluctuation amplitudes, frequency spectra and radial correlation length profiles in unprecedented detail. The second diagnostic is formed by the addition of two W-band and one V-band X-mode reflectometers on the same line of sight as the CECE to enable measurements of the phase angle between turbulent density and temperature fluctuations. Historically, the radial alignment between reflectometer and radiometer has been a challenge due to the requirement that alignment is achieved within a radial correlation length (< 5 10 mm). This challenge is significantly alleviated by using the CECE channel comb arrangement and the maximal coherence between reflectometer and radiometer can be unambiguously captured. Measurements of these quantities have been made in an AUG L-mode plasma, at the same radial location and have provided simultaneous quantitative constraints on realistic gyrokinetic simulations [Physics of Plasmas 25, 055903 (2018)] using the gyrokinetic code GENE. Here we present diagnostic detail for this study.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.