Investigation of Optically Grey Electron Cyclotron Harmonics in Wendelstein 7-X
Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, 17491 Greifswald, Germany
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 25 March 2019
For a magnetic field of 2.5T, the electron cyclotron harmonics are spectrally well separated in W7-X as it has a large aspect ratio. Because of this advantage from the geometry of W7-X stellarator, it is easier to scan these higher harmonics (70,140,210…..GHz) compared to tokamaks with small aspect ratio. For confinement reasons, W7-X is planned to work at high plasma densities applying O2 electron cyclotron resonance heating (ECRH). For such plasmas, which already have been demonstrated in experimental campaign OP1.2a of W7-X, electron cyclotron emission (ECE) from second harmonic extraordinary mode (X2) is in cutoff. In that case, optically grey higher harmonics provide the only access to ECE signal and hence electron temperature profiles. A Michelson interferometer will be used in the next operational campaign of W7-X for broadband (50-500 GHz) ECE scan and that will be compared to modeling of ECE emission at different plasma parameters from radiation transport calculations (TRAVIS). The strong stray radiation from non-absorbed ECRH is a major concern in scanning these higher harmonics using an interferometer because this stray radiation will dominate the spectra thus masking the ECE signal. For this purpose, a multimode notch filter design based on a multilayer dielectric structure is constructed to attenuate the stray radiation at 140GHz by 50dB.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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