In-situ real-time monitoring of spurious modes in HE11 transmission lines using multi-hole couplers in miter bends
Institut für Grenzflächenverfahrenstechnik und Plasmatechnologie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaﬀenwaldring 31, pD-70569 Stuttgart, Germany
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, Boltzmannstr. 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany
3 Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Kasuga 816-8560, Japan
4 Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Kaiserstr. 12, D-76131 Karlsruhe, Germany
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Published online: 25 March 2019
Transmission of high-power millimeter waves for ECRH is often realised with oversized corrugated circular waveguides. Coupling from the gyrotron source to the waveguide is typically done via matching mirrors in free space. Small alignment errors of the system lead to the excitation of higher-order modes inside the waveguide beside the main transmission mode HE11. Those modes have comparably higher losses and can in worst case result in local fields exceeding the breakdown limit of the medium inside the waveguide.
For alignment control over the whole pulse duration of the gyrotron, a set of hole-array couplers placed into a miter bend mirror probes the field inside the waveguide. The arrays are designed to detect the marker modes for beam oﬀset and tilt (LP(e=o)11 )as well as for beam waist mismatch (LP02). In addition, a main mode coupler sensitive mostly for the HE11 content is used as a power monitor. By maximizing the signal of the power monitor and minimizing the content of marker modes, a first-order optimization of the coupling from free space to the waveguide can be achieved. Signal processing of the 140 GHz information is done at kHz range after downmixing, using a frequency shifted part of the power monitor signal.
As the measurement system is placed in a miter bend mirror, it can also be easily installed at various locations along the transmission line to check for possible misalignments of the waveguide connections between miter bends. Simulation and low power experimental results will be shown.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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