Interaction of quantum systems with environment in QCD
Joint Institute for Power and Nuclear Research – Sosny National Academy of Science of Belarus PO box 119, 220109 Minsk, Belarus
Published online: 3 April 2019
It is shown that the interaction of quark with the stochastic vacuum of QCD (considered as an environment) leads to the decoherence of quark colour state, associated with the loss of information on the initial quark colour. We propose to consider this process as a reason of the confinement of the quark colour. Asymptotically this leads to confined quarks (fully mixed colourless quark states) in the limit of large distances and time intervals (confinement region) and free coloured quarks in the limit of small distances and time intervals (asymptotic freedom).
We propose quantitative characteristics that allow to describe the process of interaction: purity, fidelity, von Neumann entropy, quantum information measure. The cases of two and arbitrary number of quarks are considered, and it is shown that the entanglement in such system disappears in the limit of large distances and time intervals. The process is in good agreement with the known theorems in quantum information theory (no-cloning and no-hiding).
We study non-perturbative evolution of the gluon colour states during short time. Fluctuations of gluons are less than those for coherent states. This fact suggests that there gluon squeezed states can arise. Theoretical justification for the occurrence both singe- and two-mode gluon squeezing effects in QCD is given.
We show that gluon entangled states which are closely related with two-mode squeezed states of gluon fields can appear at short time non-perturbative evolution by analogy with corresponding photon states in quantum optics.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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