Dense cold matter
1 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Institute for Experimental and Theoretical Physics, 117218 Moscow, Russia
2 Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna, Russia
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Published online: 3 April 2019
Opportunities to study unexplored domains of nuclear matter phase diagram with BM@N and SPD-NICA is discussed. Since the optimal initial energy range depends on the phase diagram domain, the subject and experimental methods for its study have a lot of opportunities both for the fixed target and collider experiments. Fixed target experiments provide an access to the laboratory study of nuclear matter with the unprecedented density as high as the one for the neutron star core and even larger. A specialised kinematic trigger for relativistic ion-ion collisions can be used for this study. On the other hand, the NICA collider energy range will provide unique opportunities to study interactions between multi-quark states. The article discusses the importance of experimental study of the diquark component of nuclear structure function and diquark-diquark interactions. It is important to develop neutron identification methods both for the fixed target and collider experiments.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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