Some proposed fixed target experiments with the LHC beams
Institute for Nuclear Research, RAS, Moscow, Russia
Published online: 3 April 2019
The physics opportunities offered by using the multi-TeV LHC beams for a fixed target experiment have been widely discussed in recent years. This mode is convenient to investigate rare processes of particle production and polarization phenomena because the expected luminosity exceeds the luminosity of the collider. The main physical goals of these experiments are: i) investigations of the large-x gluon, antiquark and heavy quark content in the nucleon and nucleus; ii) investigations of the dynamics and spin of quarks and gluons inside nucleus; iii) studies of the ion-ion collisions between SPS and RHIC energies towards large rapidities. With the LHC lead beam energy scan on a fixed target it would be possible to investigate the energy range up to 72 GeV to search for the critical point for the phase transition to the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.