A look at hadronization via high multiplicity
1 JINR, Joliot-Curie 6, Dubna, Moscow region, 141980, Russian Federation
2 Sukhoi State Technical University of Gomel Prospect Octiabria, 48, 246746, Gomel, Republic of Belarus
3 Institute of Physics and Mathematics Komi SC UrD RAS, Kommunisticheskaja st., 24, Syktyvkar, 167000, Russian Federation
4 IHEP, Science sq. 1, Protvino, Moscow region, 142281, Russian Federation
Published online: 3 April 2019
Multiparticle production is studied experimentally and theoretically in QCD that describes interactions in the language of quarks and gluons. In the experiment the real hadrons are registered. Various phenomenological models are used for transfer from quarks and gluons to observed hadrons. In order to describe the high multiplicity region, we have developed a gluon dominance model (GDM). It represents a convolution of two stages. The first stage is described as a part of QCD. For the second one (hadronization), the phenomenological model is used. To describe hadronization, a scheme has been proposed, consistent with the experimental data in the region of its dominance. Comparison of this model with data on e+e- annihilation over a wide energy interval (up to 200 GeV) has confirmed the fragmentation mechanism of hadronization, the development of the quark-gluon cascade with energy increase and domination of bremsstrahlung gluons. The description of topological cross sections in pp collisions within GDM testifies that in hadron collisions the mechanism of hadronization is being replaced by the recombination one. At that point, gluons play an active role in the multiparticle production process, and valence quarks are passive. They stay in the leading particles, and only the gluon splitting is responsible for the region of high multiplicity. GDM with inclusion of intermediate quark charged topologies describes topological cross sections in pp̅ annihilation and explains initial linear growth in the region of negative values of a secondary correlative momentum vs average pion multiplicity with increasing of energy. The proposed hadronization scheme can describe the basic processes of multiparticle production.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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