Collective phenomena in hadron and nuclear interactions at high multiplicity
JINR, Joliot-Curie 6, Dubna, Moscow region, 141980, Russian Federation
2 Institute of Applied Physics, Minsk, Akademicheskaya str. 16, 220072, Belarus
3 Sukhoi State Technical University of Gomel Prospect Octiabria, 48, 246746, Gomel, Republic of Belarus
4 Institute of Physics and Mathematics Komi SC UrD RAS, Kommunisticheskaja st., 24, Syktyvkar, 167000, Russian Federation
5 IHEP, Science sq. 1, Protvino, Moscow region, 142281, Russian Federation
6 Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics MSU, Leninskie gory, GSP-1, Moscow 119991, Russian Federation
* e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 19 April 2019
Multiparticle production is described in the language of quarks and gluons. In the experiment the real hadrons are registered. For transfer from quarks and gluons to observed hadrons, various phenomenological models are used. In order to describe the high multiplicity region, we have developed a gluon dominance model. It represents a convolution of two stages. First stage is described by QCD. For second one (hadronisation), the phenomenological model is used. The description of topological cross sections in p collisions within of our model testifies that in hadron collisions the mechanism of hadronisation is being replaced by the recombination one. At that point, gluons play an active role in the multiparticle production process, and valence quarks are passive. They stay in the leading particles, and only the gluon splitting is responsible for the region of high multiplicity. The model with inclusion of intermediate quark charged topologies describes topological cross sections in annihilation. We observe the significant growth of a scaled variance of number of neutral pions with increasing of the total multiplicity at U-70 accelerator at IHEP (Protvino). The following experiment with 3.5 A GeV deuteron, lithium and carbon beams of the Nuclotron (JINR, Dubna) falling at a carbon target is carried out at the NIS-GIBS setup. The noticeable excess yield of soft photons(pT < 50 MeV/c) is observed. The existing models based on Monte Carlo simulation and theoretical estimations predict a lower yield. Our Collaboration plans to study excess of soft photon yield and other phenomena at the SPD (Spin Physics Detector) setup at JINR, Dubna with polarised beams of proton and light nuclei up to 25 GeV.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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