Detection of a flaring blazar coincident with an IceCube high-energy neutrino
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Published online: 10 May 2019
In September 22, 2017, IceCube released a public alert announcing the detection of a 290 TeV neutrino track event with an angular uncertainty of one square degree (90% containment). A multi-messenger follow-up campaign was initiated resulting in the detection of a GeV gamma-ray flare by the Fermi Large Area Telescope positionally consistent with the location of the known Bl Lac object, TXS 0506+056 , located only 0.1 degrees from the best-fit neutrino position. The probability of finding a GeV gamma-ray flare in coincidence with a high-energy neutrino event assuming a correlation of the neutrino flux with the gamma-ray energy flux in the energy band between 1 and 100 GeV was calculated to be 3σ (after trials correction). Following the detection of the flaring blazar the imaging air Cherenkov telescope MAGIC detected the source for the first time in the > 100 GeV gamma-ray band. The activity of the source was confirmed in X-ray, optical and radio wavelength. Several groups have developed lepto-hadronic models which succeed to explain the multi-messenger spectral energy distribution.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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