Telescope Array Hybrid Composition and Auger-TA Composition Comparison
University of Utah Dept. of Physics and Astronomy & High Energy Astrophysics Institute, 201 James Fletcher Bldg., 115 S 1400 E, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, USA
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Published online: 10 May 2019
Telescope Array (TA) has completed analysis of nearly nine years of data measuring the atmospheric depth of air shower maximum (Xmax) utilizing the TA surface detector array and the Black Rock Mesa and Long Ridge fluorescence detector stations. By using both the surface array and the fluorescence detector, the geometry and arrival time of air showers can be measured very precisely providing good resolution in determining Xmax. Xmax is directly related to the air shower primary particle mass and is therefore important for understanding the composition of ultra high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs). UHECR composition will help answer questions such as the distance and location of their sources. We discuss the experimental apparatus, analysis method, and Xmax data collected. We compare the energy dependent distributions of the observed data to detailed Monte Carlo simulations of four chemical species, then test which individual species are not compatible with the data through an analysis of the shapes of the distributions. We also discuss the present state of composition analysis and interpretation between the Auger and TA experiments. These are the two largest UHECR observatories in the world with large exposures and should shed light on UHECR composition.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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