Extensive Air Showers with Unusual Spatial and Temporal Structure
P. N. Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
2 Bard Early College New Orleans, New Orleans, USA
3 Nazarbayev University, Astana, KZ
4 LLP “Institute of Physics and Technology”, Almaty, Kazakhstan
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Published online: 10 May 2019
The Extensive Air Shower (EAS) data collected by the Horizon-10T detector system has numerous events exhibiting the unusual spatial and temporal structure. These are events typically with two to four pulses of tens of ns wide that are present at distances above 300 m from the EAS axis, with these pulses being delayed by hundreds of ns. Each of such pulse groups were registered simultaneously by several detectors separated by up to a km from each other. The detectors brief overview and the analysis of simulated EAS by the CORSIKA software package are given in this article. The analysis indicates that such events with unusual structure cannot be formed by showers with EM and hadronic components only. This indicates a possibility for a new process observation beyond the standard model description in the energy range above ~1018 eV.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.