EAS longitudinal development distribution parameters for different extrapolations of the nuclei intaraction cross section to the very high energy domain
National Centre for Nuclear Research, Astrophysics Division, Cosmic Ray Laboratory, ul. 28 Pułku Strzelców Kaniowskich 69, 90-558 Łódź, Poland
2 Faculty of Physics and Applied Informatics, University of Łódź, ul. Pomorska 149/153, 90-236 Łódź, Poland
Published online: 10 May 2019
Determination of the primary particle mass using air fluorescence or a Cherenkov detector array is one of the most difficult task of experimental cosmic ray studies. The information about the primary particle mass is a compound of the produced particle multiplicity, inelasticity, interaction cross-section and many other parameters, thus it is necessary to compare registered showers with sophisticated Monte-Carlo simulation results. In this work we present results of the studies of at least three possible ways of extrapolating proton- Nucleus and Nucleus-Nucleus cross sections to cosmic ray energies based on the Glauber theory. They are compared with experimental accelerator and cosmic ray data for the proton-air cross section. We also present results of the EAS development with the most popular high-energy interaction models adopted in the CORSIKA program with our cross section extrapolations. The average position of the shower maximum and the width of its distribution are compared with experimental data and some discussion is given.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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