Ultra high energy cosmic rays simulated with CONEX code
Department of Physics, Badji Mokhtar University of Annaba, P.O. Box 12, Annaba 23000, Algeria
Published online: 17 May 2019
Today, many experiments around the world (Auger Observatory, Telescope Array, and soon Jem-Euso experiment...) are tracking ultra-high energy cosmic rays. They try to collect some exceptional data that would lift the veil on this type of cosmic rays , mainly to answer why does their energies exceed the GZK cutoff without pointing to astrophysical sources close to our galaxy. Furthermore, we do not really know neither the identity nor the acceleration processes that can provide them with such colossal energy. We have performed, using the CONEX program version 2r6.40 coupled to different hadronic interaction models (QGSJET01, EPOS LHC , SIBYLL 2.1 and QGSJETII-04) simulations focused on the slant depth Xmax of the maximum of the shower longitudinal profile and the charged particle number Nmax. Theses parameters and their fluctuations are very sensitive to the primary particle mass (identity) and energy. The obtained results are compared for proton and iron primaries at the energy range 1018-1021 eV.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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