The Detection of UHECRs with the EUSO-TA Telescope
Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare - Sezione di Torino, Turin, Italy
2 University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA
3 Università di Torino, Turin, Italy
4 RIKEN, Wako, Japan
5 Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare -Sezione di Roma Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy
6 Colorado School of Mines, Golden, USA
7 National Centre for Nuclear Research, Lodz, Poland
8 Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Japan
9 Department of Engineering Science, Faculty of Engineering, Osaka Electro-Communication University, Neyagawa-shi, Osaka, Japan
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Published online: 17 May 2019
EUSO-TA is a cosmic ray detector developed by the JEM-EUSO (Joint Experiment Missions for Extreme Universe Space Observatory) Collaboration, observing during nighttime the fluorescence light emitted along the path of extensive air showers in the atmosphere. It is installed at the Telescope Array site in Utah, USA, in front of the fluorescence detector station at Black Rock Mesa. It serves as a ground-based pathfinder experiment for future space-based missions. EUSO-TA has an optical system with two Fresnel lenses and a focal surface with 6 × 6 multi-anode photomultiplier tubes with 64 channels each, for a total of 2304 channels. The overall field of view is ∼10.6°× 10.6°. This detector technology allows the detection of cosmic ray events with high spatial resolution, having each channel a field of view of about ∼0.2° × 0.2° and a temporal resolution of 2.5 µs. First observations of ultra-high energy cosmic rays revealed the cosmic ray detection capability of EUSO-TA. The foreseen upgrade of EUSO-TA will improve the efficiency of the detector and will increase the statistics of detected events. In this work we present recent results of the detection capability of EUSO-TA and its limits. Moreover, other results about the analysis of laser pulses, stars and meteors will be discussed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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