Prospects of testing an UHECR single source class model with the K-EUSO orbital telescope
Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 117312, Russia
2 Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119992, Russia
3 Lebedev Physical Institute, Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory, 142290, Russia
4 Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russia
Published online: 17 May 2019
KLYPVE-EUSO (K-EUSO) is a planned orbital detector of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs), which is to be deployed on board the International Space Station. K-EUSO is expected to have a uniform exposure over the celestial sphere and register from 120 to 500 UHECRs at energies above 57 EeV in a 2-year mission. We employed the TransportCR and CRPropa 3 packages to estimate prospects of testing a minimal single source class model for extragalactic cosmic rays and neutrinos by Kachelrieß, Kalashev, Ostapchenko and Semikoz (2017) with K-EUSO in terms of the large-scale anisotropy. Nearby active galactic nuclei Centaurus A, M82, NGC 253, M87 and Fornax A were considered as possible sources of UHECRs. We demonstrate that an observation of more than 200 events will allow testing predictions of the model with a high confidence level providing the fraction of events arriving from any of the sources is ^10-15%, with a smaller contribution for larger samples. These numbers agree with theoretical expectations of a possible contribution of a single source in the UHECR flux. Thus, K-EUSO can provide good opportunities for verifying the minimal model basing on an analysis of the large-scale anisotropy of arrival directions of UHECRs.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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