Experimental analysis of static and dynamic properties of the check valves
Institute of Applied Mechanics Brno, Ltd., Resslova 972/3, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic
2 Brno University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Victor Kaplan Department of Fluid Engineering, Technická 2, 616 69, Brno, Czech Republic
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 28 June 2019
The check valves play an important role in safety and reliability of many technologies using liquid or gas flow. Check valves are elements of the hydraulic system enabling the one-way flow without a significant pressure loss and preventing the reverse flow. The ideal check valve should have an acceptable pressure loss and, when closed, there should be no undesirable dynamic phenomena like water hammer or slam. The static properties describe energy losses of the check valve, and the producers provide them as a standard. The static properties can be defined either in an experimental way or using the CFD analysis. The dynamic properties of the check valve express a relation between the maximum reverse velocity and water column deceleration. Unfortunately, the definition of dynamic properties can be obtained only experimentally, and for small pipe diameters. It is very demanding, time consuming and expensive to define the dynamic characteristic so it is why the producers do not offer it as a standard. The article deals with static and dynamic properties of different check valves with different closing principles. There was built a testing hydraulic circuit with the pipe diameter DN 100, that enables the simulation of check valve slam during the flow reversing. The attention was paid to the definition of flow deceleration, which is rather problematic and usually defined in a different way for each lab.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.