CMS Computing Resources: Meeting the demands of the high-luminosity LHC physics program
Princeton University, Department of Physics,
2 University of Nebraska, Department of Physics, 91944 Lincoln, NE, USA
3 INFN Sezione di Pisa, Universita di Pisa, Pisa, ITALY
4 Fermilab National Laboratory, 60510, Batavia, Il, USA
* Corresponding author: David.Lange@cern.ch
Published online: 17 September 2019
The high-luminosity program has seen numerous extrapolations of its needed computing resources that each indicate the need for substantial changes if the desired HL-LHC physics program is to be supported within the current level of computing resource budgets. Drivers include large increases in event complexity (leading to increased processing time and analysis data size) and trigger rates needed (5-10 fold increases) for the HL-LHC program. The CMS experiment has recently undertaken an effort to merge the ideas behind short-term and long-term resource models in order to make easier and more reliable extrapolations to future needs. Near term computing resource estimation requirements depend on numerous parameters: LHC uptime and beam intensities; detector and online trigger performance; software performance; analysis data requirements; data access, management, and retention policies; site characteristics; and network performance. Longer term modeling is affected by the same characteristics, but with much larger uncertainties that must be considered to understand the most interesting handles for increasing the "physics per computing dollar" of the HL-LHC. In this presentation, we discuss the current status of long term modeling of the CMS computing resource needs for HL-LHC with emphasis on techniques for extrapolations, uncertainty quantification, and model results. We illustrate potential ways that high-luminosity CMS could accomplish its desired physics program within today's computing budgets.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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