Analysis of the Quality Problem of Scientific School in the Higher Russian Technical Education by the Graduates and Professors of MSTU “STANKIN”
Moscow State Technological University “STANKIN”, Department of philosophy, RU-127055, Moscow, Russia
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Published online: 9 December 2019
Higher education reforms can give Russian higher technical schools significant advantages, but at the same time they hide serious dangers. As a result of these reforms, the modern higher technical school in Russia is facing many problems. Firstly, the quality problem: technical education in Russia has always been at a fairly high level, due to its integrity and fundamental nature, so the feasibility of reforms often raises questions. Secondly, the organizational problem: the natural process for higher education in the modernization of education and the consolidation of knowledge in itself is quite complicated. The combination of the modernization process and reform is causing considerable resistance and questions, since it seems insufficiently thought out. Thirdly, the problem of training a creative engineer for the society of the future does not find a solution, because the process of training a specialist is becoming more and more mechanistic. Previously, engineering students within five and a half years had the opportunity to join the scientific community, thanks to the presence of individual work and direct communication with scientists of different generations. Modern communication between professor and student is largely carried out through the electronic environment, so they are more fragmented and mosaic. The lack of real practice in enterprises leads to the fact that students do not receive a live request from production for their creativity. In such conditions, the training of creative technicians is very difficult. It is advisable to reform higher technical education in the light of these problems, so that in the final, Russian education will benefit from them, while maintaining its identity.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
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