Detailed reproduction of the neutron emission from the compact DT neutron generator used as an in-situ 14 MeV calibration neutron source at JET
Reactor Physics Department, Jožef Stefan Institute, Jamova cesta 39,
b Dipartimento Fusione e Tecnologie per la Sicurezza Nucleare, ENEA, I-00044 Frascati, Rome, Italy
c CCFE, Abingdon, Oxon, OX14 3DB, United Kingdom
d Institute for Plasma Science and Technology, CNR, Milan, Italy
e Dipartimento di Fisica “G. Occhialini”, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy
f Faculty of mathematics and physics, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
* See the author list of “Overview of the JET preparation for Deuterium-Tritium Operation” by E. Joffrin et al. to be published in Nuclear Fusion Special issue: overview and summary reports from the 27th Fusion Energy Conference (Ahmedabad, India, 22-27 October 2018)″
Published online: 31 January 2020
A compact DT neutron generator (NG) based on the mixed-beam operation was used as a calibration neutron source in the latest in-situ calibration of neutron detectors at the Joint European Torus (JET). In order to meet the requirement for the total uncertainty of the neutron detector calibration below ±10 %, the neutron emission properties had to be experimentally characterized and reproduced through detailed modelling of the neutron source characteristics and geometry of the neutron generator.
The detailed neutronics simulations were an essential part of both NG characterization and JET neutron detector calibration. The complex neutron emission properties of the NG were reproduced through a combination of simulations and highresolution neutron spectroscopy measurements. This meant that six different DT neutron source components resulting from NG's mixed beam operation were explicitly simulated and their relative intensities scaled based on experimentally obtained neutron spectrum measurements. Furthermore, the detailed model of the NG's geometry was produced based on information from the supplier of the NG and images from a computer tomography (CT) scan. Finally, the positioning of the neutron source inside the JET tokamak during in-situ calibration was reproduced based on the information from the remote handling system (RHS) at JET, the system responsible for the positioning of the source during the calibration experiment.
The extensive effort presented in the paper significantly contributed to the total uncertainties of the calibration factors well within the target value of ±10 %.
Key words: DT neutron generator / neutron source characterization / neutron detectors / calibration
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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