Non-Destructive Examination Development for the JHR Material Testing Reactor
B. Cornu, C. Roure, D. Moulin, N. Estre and D. Tisseur, are with CEA, DEN, Cadarache, DTN, SMTA, Nuclear Measurement Laboratory, F-13108 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance, France (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org)
M.P. Ferroud-Plattet works at the CEA Cadarache centre also, within the DEN/JHR Reactor Service.
P. Kinnunen, P Kotiluoto and A. Revuelta work for the VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ldt., P.O. Box 1000 - 02044 VTT, Finland.
Published online: 20 January 2020
The Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR) is a European material testing reactor (MTR) under construction at the CEA Cadarache centre. It will be dedicated to material and fuel irradiation tests, as well as to the production of medical isotopes. Gamma and X-Ray benches will be implemented in the reactor pool (RER), the irradiated component storage pool (EPI) and in a shielded hot cell for measuring either the whole underwater test device still containing the experimental sample or just the experimental sample before its extraction in the hot cell.
The CEA/Cadarache Nuclear Measurement Laboratory (LMN) has been working in collaboration with VTT (Technical Research Centre in Finland Ltd.) since 2008 under a Finnish in-kind contribution agreement. This agreement focuses on the development of NDE systems implementing gamma-ray spectroscopy and high-energy X-ray imaging of the sample and irradiation device with the highest definition possible (resolution of 100 μm). The CEA-VTT technical specifications led to a European call for tenders launched by VTT. The contract was awarded to the Spanish company IDOM for the design, manufacturing, assembly and commissioning of: - Underwater gamma and X-ray (UGXR) mechanical benches and their associated gamma and X-ray collimation systems for the RER and EPI pools - Hot cell gamma and X-ray (HGXR) bench in the JHR NDE hot cell.
The Final Design Reviews (FDR) of the UGXR and HGXR systems were completed in 2016. The design phase has been an iterative process in order to manage interfacing specifications and constraints: - Challenging experimental requirements, mainly to cover the wide diversity of sample shapes, sample activity levels and measurement processes, but also to achieve a level of mechanical accuracy to reach the ambitious geometrical resolution target in X-ray imaging, - Environmental constraints (immersion, radiation, compactness, limited accessibility for maintenance), - Nuclear safety constraints (seism, radiation protection).
The whole design process has produced a number of elaborate and innovative mechatronic systems, which is rather unusual in nuclear applications since the resulting solutions have benefited from IDOM’s technological expertise in designing and commissioning large telescopes for the astronomy sector.
Once the manufacturing phase and assembly finalised, the site acceptance tests for the UGXR and HGXR mechanical systems will be performed in 2019-2020 in the TOTEM facility at the CEA Cadarache center. The underwater benches will be tested in the CESARINE pool to check their requirements.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.