Characterization of the gamma flux in a tangential channel of the CENM TRIGA MARK II research reactor
CEA, DEN, Cadarache, DER/SPESI,
Saint Paul lez Durance, France
2 DIN/CNESTEN, POB 1382, Rabat, Morocco
Published online: 31 January 2020
The CNESTEN (National Center for Energy Sciences and Nuclear Technology, Morocco) operates a TRIGA Mark II reactor, which can reach a thermal maximum power at steady state of 2 MW. In reactors devoted to research and experiments, it is mandatory to characterize the neutron and photon fields in the irradiation positions. Together with a computational model of the core, it ensures the ability to reach the requested uncertainties when performing experiments, such as detectors testing, irradiation for hardening or nuclear data measurements.
The neutron field of different irradiation positions has been characterized by dosimetry techniques and compared to the MCNP full model of the reactor. Preliminary photon propagation calculations are also performed with this model, but up to now, no experimental validation of the results exists. The aim of the newly set collaboration between CEA and CNESTEN is to characterize the gamma field of these positions. The first position investigated is the part of the NB1 tangential channel closest to the core.
Among gamma measurements techniques, and according to the constraints arising from using this channel, it was chosen to use thermos- and optically stimulated luminescent detectors.
This paper presents the experiments carried out in September 2018 as well as their results. Three detectors types were used: TLD400 (CaF2:Mn), TLD700 (7LiF:Mg,Ti) and OSLD (Al2O3:C). Measurements were performed in several steps: background measurements, transient measurements (divergence phase + SCRAM), and irradiation at steady state. In the end, these measurements will provide a dose as well as a gamma flux value for this position.
Key words: CaF2 / gamma flux / LiF / OSLD / TRIGA / TLD
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.