Computational support on the development of nuclear heating calorimeter detector design
Reactor physics division Jožef Stefan Institute Ljubljana, Slovenia
2 DEN/DER/SPESI/LDCI CEA Cadarache Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France
3 DEN/DANS/DM2S/SERMA CEA Saclay Gif sur Yvette, France
4 Reactor physics division Jožef Stefan Institute Ljubljana, Slovenia
5 Reactor physics division Jožef Stefan Institute Ljubljana, Slovenia
Published online: 31 January 2020
Heating due to energy deposition of intense ionizing radiation in samples and structural materials of nuclear reactors poses severe limitations in terms of cooling requirements for safe reactor operation, especially in high neutron and gamma flux environments of material testing fission reactors (MTRs) and novel fusion devices. A bilateral CEA-JSI research project was launched in 2018 with the objective to measure the gamma heating rates in standard reactor-related materials (graphite, aluminium, stainless steel and tungsten) as well as fusionrelevant materials (low-activation steel Eurofer-97 and Nb3Sn superconductor) in the JSI TRIGA reactor my means of gamma calorimeters. The calorimeter design will be based on the the CALMOS-2 calorimeter developed at the CEA and used to perform gamma heating measurements in the OSIRIS MTR in Saclay.
In order to optimize the detector response inside the JSI TRIGA reactor field and not to perturb the measurement field, a detailed computational analysis was performed in terms of energy deposition assessment and measurement field perturbation using the MCNP v6.1 code, and in terms of heat transfer using the COMSOL Multiphysics code.
The abovementioned activities enabled us to finalize the detector design with the experimental campaign planned for the end of year 2019.
Key words: Nuclear heating / calorimetry / Nb3Sn / Eurofer97 / TRIGA
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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