Assessment of the impact of selected changes in the deep geological repository model on its long-term safety
Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Institute of Nuclear and Physical Engineering,
Published online: 20 January 2020
The deep geological repository system provides long-term protection against the undesirable effects of ionizing radiation on the population and the environment. An important part of the long-term safety strategy is development of a monitoring program that collects information about the behaviour of the deep geological repository throughout its whole lifetime. A simplified model of the disposal system, geosphere, and biosphere was developed using the GoldSim simulation tool to demonstrate the behaviour of the hypothetical deep geological repository located in crystalline rocks. Also an initial model of the reference biosphere was created based on the scenario of an agricultural habitation (normal evolution scenario) and it was developed based on the recommendations provided in the BIOMASS methodology. After a significant period of time, disposal containers will be degraded and evolution changes in the repository system will occur. Several important parameters appear in the annual effective dose calculation for an individual from critical exposure group within the reference biosphere model. One of them are, for example, distribution coefficients and so-called translocation factors that define the transported rate of released radionuclides into the environment. This paper provides a view into the selected part of the deep geological repository through the data obtained by monitoring during the selected period of time. Simulations describing changes in the repository system. The aim of this contribution is to evaluate the impact of selected changes on the annual effective dose for an adult individual from a critical exposure group while it is assumed, that the respondent consumes contaminated crops and animal products. This model includes various biosphere components and multiple exposure pathways such as inhalation, ingestion and external exposure.
Key words: deep geological repository / biosphere model / annual effective dose / GoldSim / long-term safety
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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