Numerical Precision Effects on GPU Simulation of Massive Spatial Data, Based on the Modified Planar Rotator Model
Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, P. J. Šafárik University,
Park Angelinum 9,
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Published online: 20 January 2020
The present research builds on a recently proposed spatial prediction method for discretized two-dimensional data, based on a suitably modified planar rotator (MPR) spin model from statistical physics. This approach maps the measured data onto interacting spins and, exploiting spatial correlations between them, which are similar to those present in geostatistical data, predicts the data at unmeasured locations. Due to the shortrange nature of the spin pair interactions in the MPR model, parallel implementation of the prediction algorithm on graphical processing units (GPUs) is a natural way of increasing its efficiency. In this work we study the effects of reduced computing precision as well as GPU-based hardware intrinsic functions on the speedup and accuracy of the MPR-based prediction and explore which aspects of the simulation can potentially benefit the most from the reduced precision. It is found that, particularly for massive data sets, a thoughtful precision setting of the GPU implementation can significantly increase the computational efficiency, while incurring little to no degradation in the prediction accuracy.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.