Multi-jet gas cooling of in-beam foils or specimens: CFD predictions of the convective heat-transfer coefficient
1 iThemba LABS, National Research Foundation, P.O. Box 722, Somerset West, 7129, South Africa
2 Isotope Program, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
3 Stellenbosch University, Matieland, 7602, South Africa
Published online: 28 February 2020
An experiment was designed to investigate the possible enhancement of the convective heat-transfer coefficient by utilizing multiple, parallel jets in the cooling of a small heated surface, such as typically induced by an accelerated ion beam on a thin foil or specimen. The hot spot was provided using a small electrically heated plate. It was found that heat-transfer calculations by means of simple empirical methods based on dimensional analysis are not useful in this case and that advanced computational fluid dynamics (CFD) mod-elling is essential to interpret the results. It is shown that enhanced convective cooling can indeed be obtained with a multi-jet configuration as compared to a single-jet configuration but only under very selective conditions. An improperly designed multi-jet configuration can also provide significantly reduced cooling relative to the single-jet case and the estimation of the behavior of any particular jet geometry is eminently non-intuitive. CFD provides acceptable quantitative results and seem to be the only tool available to gain an understanding of these complex flows where simple models and “rules of thumb” cannot be relied upon. – LA-UR-18-29455
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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