First Results from the German Cal/Val Activities for Aeolus
1 Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research (TROPOS), Leipzig, Germany
2 Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Meteorological Institute, Munich, Germany
3 Deutscher Wetterdienst, Richard-Aßmann-Observatorium, Tauche, Germany
4 Deutscher Wetterdienst, Offenbach, Germany
5 Finnish Meteorological Institute, Atmospheric Research Centre of Eastern Finland, Finland
6 Deutsches Zentrum für Luft-und Raumfahrt e.V., DLR, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany
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Published online: 7 July 2020
On 22nd August 2018, the European Space Agency (ESA) launched the first direct detection Doppler wind lidar into space. Operating at 355 nm and acquiring signals with a dual channel receiver, it allows wind observations in clear air and particle-laden regions of the atmosphere. Furthermore, particle optical properties can be obtained using the High Spectral Resolution Technique Lidar (HSRL) technique. Measuring with 87 km horizontal and 0.25-2 km vertical resolution between ground and up to 30 km in the stratosphere, the global coverage of Aeolus observations shall fill gaps in the global observing system and thus help improving numerical weather prediction. Within this contribution, first results from the German initiative for experimental Aeolus validation are presented and discussed. Ground-based wind and aerosol measurements from tropospheric radar wind profilers, Doppler wind lidars, radiosondes, aerosol lidars and cloud radars are utilized for that purpose.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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