Aerosols and Clouds Interactions in an Urban Atmosphere
Department of Bio-Energy
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Published online: 7 July 2020
Aerosols create great uncertainties in studying climate change under global warming and atmospheric dynamics. To understand the impacts of aerosols on cloud properties in Madurai, we have analyzed an extensive collection of aerosol and cloud properties, obtained from the Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, over the study site during 2012-2013. Monthly, seasonal and annual variations of aerosols and clouds studied along their interactions and impacts on climate. Considering annual averages for all these parameters, most often the year 2012 was dominated with a higher presence of AOD, COD, CER, CTT, CTP whereas rainfall and CF were found to be dominated in 2013. The presence of higher CF in 2013 may be a cause for the higher rainfall and the lower level of CF in 2012 may be a cause for less rainfall. High aerosol loading in this area is due to biomass burning and urban air pollution which may significantly suppress precipitation. Increased aerosols and the local aerosol emissions may reduce the precipitation efficiency, which is responsible for the precipitation reduction and vice-versa.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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