Correlation Study of Planetary-Boundary-Layer-Height Retrievals from CL51 and CHM15K Ceilometers with Application To PM2.5 Dynamics in New York City
1 Optical Remote Sensing Lab, City College of New York, USA
2 NOAA – Cooperative Science Center for Earth System Sciences and Remote Sensing Technologies
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Published online: 7 July 2020
Planetary-boundary-layer-height (PBLH) plays a critical role in the study of urban air quality, weather and climate. Continuous observation is critical in understanding air pollution processes and evaluation of air quality/ weather models in the complex urban environment. In this study, we observe the PBLH variation using multiple ceilometers and lidar in New York City (NYC) during both the summer and winter time and explore the potential correlation with ground PM2.5. An automated quality control and quality assurance (QC/QA) method is developed to optimize the PBLH determination from the ceilometers (Vaisala CL51 and Lufft CHM15k) product. The PBLHs from the two ceilometers and lidar show good consistency (R2=0.68~0.88) during the convective PBL period at 15:00-21:00 UTC (10:00-16:00 EST). We also investigate the seasonal variation and diurnal evolution of PBLH and demonstrate an inverse relation between the PBLH and PM2.5 during the morning transient period of PBLH growth. Further, the correlation between the ceilometer-attenuated backscatter and ground PM2.5 and its dependences on the vertical altitude are analyzed, showing that the aerosols in the PBL are more deeply mixed while also being influenced by the relatively high humidity variability during the summer.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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