Observation of Fast Tropospheric Dynamics and Impacts on Humidity and Air Pollution During a Heatwave Event in New York City, as Observed by Lidars, Other Profilers and Surface Measurements
1 NOAA Center for Earth System Science and Remote Sensing Technology, The City College of New York, New York, NY 10031, USA.
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Published online: 7 July 2020
Exposure to heatwaves in densely populated urban areas are of major health concern. Interaction of heatwaves with urban areas are complex; not only driven by mesoscale meteorology, but also by the topology and thermal properties of urban surfaces, as well as anthropogenic thermal and pollution loadings. The impact of heatwaves on population in coastal urban areas such as New York City depend on interplay of these factors as well as the effects of sea/land breeze. These mechanisms can lead to rapid changes in pollution levels and heat index during the day. High time resolution synergistic observations with surface and profiling measurements are needed to capture and understand these dynamics. We report on fast tropospheric dynamics during a heatwave in New York City in summer 2018, resulting in a transient event during which dramatic reduction of pollutants and humidity in the tropospheric column is observed by lidars and other synergistic measurements.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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