Observations of the Nickel Layer in the Mesopause Region at Mid-Latitudes
1 Leibniz-Institude of Atmospheric Physics at the Rostock University, 18225 Kuehlungsborn, Germany
2 School of Chemistry, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, United Kingdom
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Published online: 7 July 2020
Observations of the mesospheric Ni layer have been performed by lidar in January-March 2018 at Kuehlungsborn/Germany (54°N, 12°E). These soundings provide only the second Ni data set after initial observations by Collins et al. at Chatanika/Alaska (65°N, 147°W). We utilized for the first time a transition from the low-lying excited Ni(3D) state at 341 nm. For all soundings, nightly mean peak densities varied between ~280 cm−3 and 450 cm3, which is a factor of ~40 less than previously reported for Chatanika . The observed Ni abundance is especially important if compared with the abundance of other metals like Fe, and with their respective abundances in evaporating meteoroids, which form the source of the metal layer in the upper mesosphere. Here, we present exemplarily a sounding from January 8, 2018. Beside the Ni raw data and density profiles we show a temperature profile as measured simultaneously be the co-located RMR lidar and the temperature variation due to gravity waves and tides.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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