Lidar Observations of Mountain Waves During Bora Episodes
1 Center for Atmospheric Research, University of Nova Gorica, Nova Gorica, 5270, Slovenia
2 Slovenian Environment Agency, Ljubljana, 1000, Slovenia
3 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
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Published online: 7 July 2020
Airflows over mountain barriers in the Alpine region may give rise to strong, gusty downslope winds, called Bora. Oscillations, caused by the flow over an orographic barrier, lead to formation of mountain waves. These waves can only rarely be observed visually and can, in general, not be reliably reproduced by numerical models. Using aerosols as tracers for airmass motion, mountain waves were experimentally observed during Bora outbreak in the Vipava valley, Slovenia, on 24-25 January 2019 by two lidar systems: a vertical scanning lidar positioned just below the peak of the lee side of the mountain range and a fixed direction lidar at valley floor, which were set up to retrieve two-dimensional structure of the airflow over the orographic barrier into the valley. Based on the lidar data, we determined the thickness of airmass layer exhibiting downslope motion, observed hydraulic jump phenomena that gave rise to mountain waves and characterized their properties.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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