Spectrally-Resolved Raman Lidar to Measure Atmospheric Three-Phase Water Simultaneously
1 School of Electronic Information, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
2 State Key Laboratory of Information Engineering in Surveying, Mapping and Remote Sensing, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
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Published online: 7 July 2020
We report on a spectrally-resolved Raman lidar that can simultaneously profile backscattered Raman spectrum signals from water vapor, water droplets and ice crystals as well as aerosol fluorescence in the atmosphere. The lidar emits a 354.8-nm ultraviolet laser radiation and samples echo signals in the 393.0-424.0 nm wavelength range with a 1.0-nm spectral resolution. A spectra decomposition method is developed to retrieve fluorescence spectra, water vapor Raman spectra and condensed (liquid and/or ice) water Raman spectra successively. Based on 8 different clear-sky nighttime measurement results, the entire atmospheric water vapor Raman spectra are for the first time obtained by lidar. The measured normalized water vapor Raman spectra are nearly invariant and can serve as background reference for atmospheric water phase state identification under various weather conditions. For an ice virga event, it’s found the extracted condensed water Raman spectra are highly similar in shape to theoretical ice water Raman spectra reported by Slusher and Derr (1975). In conclusion, the lidar provides an effective way to measure three-phase water simultaneously in the atmosphere and to study of cloud microphysics as well as interaction between aerosols and clouds.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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