Disruptive space telescope concepts, designs, and developments: OASIS and Nautilus -INVITED
1 James C. Wyant College of Optical Sciences, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
2 Steward Observatory, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
3 Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
4 Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Road, San Antonio, TX 78238, USA
5 Raytheon Technologies, 10618 E. Rose Hill St., Tucson, AZ 85747, USA
6 Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA
7 Korea Basic Science Institute, 169-148, Daejeon 34133, Republic of Korea
8 Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems, Redondo Beach, CA 90278, USA
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 20 August 2020
Two disruptive space telescope concepts are being designed and developed at the University of Arizona; these are the 20-meter OASIS (Orbiting Astronomical Satellite for Investigating Stellar Systems) and 8.5-meter Nautilus. OASIS combines break-through inflatable aperture and adaptive optics techniques to realize the dream of a 20+ meter class spaceborne terahertz/far-infrared telescope. In the Nautilus visible/near-infrared telescope concept, conventional primary mirrors are replaced by an ~8.5-meter MODE (Multi-order diffractive engineered) lens with 10 times lower areal density and up to 100 times lower mis-alignment sensitivity over traditional systems, enabling large-diameter optical space telescopes. The OASIS and Nautilus concepts have the potential to greatly reduce mission costs and risks compared to the current state of the art.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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