High-resolution neutron time-of-flight measurements for light water at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS), Oak Ridge National Laboratory
1 Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire PSN-EXP/SNC/LNR, Fontenay-aux-Roses, 92260, FRANCE
2 Neutron Scattering Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6473, USA
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Published online: 30 September 2020
Series of light water inelastic neutron scattering experiments have been made at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) covering temperatures ranging from 295 K to 600 K and pressures of 1 bar and 150 bar. The temperatures and pressures ranges correspond to that of pressurized light water reactors. The inelastic scattering measurements will help the development of light water thermal scattering kernels, also known as S (α,β) thermal scattering law (TSL), in a consistent fashion given the amount and the quality of the measured data. Light water thermal scattering evaluations available in existing nuclear data libraries have certain limitations and pitfalls. This paper introduces the state of the art of the light water thermal scattering cross-section data not only for room temperature but as well as for reactor operating temperatures, i.e. 550 - 600 K. During the past few years there has been a renewed interest in re-investigating the existing TSL models and utilize the recent experimental data or perform molecular dynamics simulations. It should be pointed out that no single TSL evaluation is based entirely on experimental data and one has to rely on TSL models or a combination of both. New TOF measurement of light water at the SNS, with a detailed description of the experimental setup, measurement conditions, and the associated foreseen results is presented in this paper. The analysis of the experimental data would help in validating the existing approach based on old experimental data or based on molecular dynamic simulations using classical water models, knowledge of which is very important to generate TSL libraries at reactor operating conditions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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