The High-Energy Intra-Nuclear Cascade Liège-based Residual (HEIR) nuclear data library
1 OECD Nuclear Energy Agency, F-92100, Boulogne-Billancourt, FRANCE
2 IRFU, CEA, Université Paris-Saclay, F-91191, Gif-sur-Yvette, FRANCE
3 Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
4 UK Atomic Energy Authority, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, OX14 3DB, UK
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Published online: 30 September 2020
It is standard practice for nuclear data files to include tabulated data for distinct reaction channels for incident energies up to 20-30 MeV. Above these energies, the assumptions implicit in the definition of individual channels break down and event generators are typically used within codes that simulate nuclear observables in applications. These offer robust simulation of the physics but increase the computational burden. So-called ‘high-energy’ nuclear data files have been produced, but the well-known libraries are more than a decade old and rely upon models developed many years before their release. This presentation describes a modern library with a high level of production automation that offers regular updates as the models it is based upon are improved.
The most recent versions of the intra-nuclear cascade and de-excitation models available within Geant4 were used to generate tabulated data of residual nuclide production. For the first released library, the INCL++5.3 and ABLA version within Geant4 v10.3 were used to calculate over 1012 incident protons over 2095 target isotopes with incident energies up to 1 GeV. These were collated into tabulated data in the international-standard ENDF-6 format. The resulting files were provided as group-wise files and were distributed as HEIR-0.1 with the FISPACT-II version 4.0 release.
A second library, HEIR-0.2, has been generated using the new INCL++6.0 and C++ translation of the ABLA07 model available within Geant4 v10.4. Simulations were performed using incident protons, neutrons, deuterons and π±. An improved agreement is observed in the comparison to experimental data not only between the two versions, but against the other well-known high-energy nuclear data files and models available within Geant4. This benchmark includes mass and isotopic distributions, as well as incident-energy dependent cumulative and independent cross sections from the EXFOR database.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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