Zeta-regularization of arithmetic sequences
CNRS, IMJ-PRG, Sorbonne Université 4 Place Jussieu F-75252 Paris Cedex 05 France
* e-mail: email@example.com
Published online: 15 October 2020
Is it possible to give a reasonable value to the infinite product 1 × 2 × 3 × · · · × n × · · · ? In other words, can we define some sort of convergence of the finite product 1 × 2 × 3 × · · · × n when n goes to infinity? One way is to relate this product to the R√iemann zeta function and to its analytic continuation. This approach leads to: 1 × 2 × 3 × · · · × n × · · · = 2π. More generally the “zeta-regularization” of an infinite product consists of introducing a related Dirichlet series and its analytic continuation at 0 (if it exists). We will survey some properties of this generalized product and allude to applications. Then we will give two families of possibly new examples: one unifies and generalizes known results for the zeta-regularization of the products of Fibonacci, balanced and Lucas-balanced numbers; the other studies the zeta-regularized products of values of classical arithmetic functions. Finally we ask for a possible zeta-regularity notion of complexity.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.