Magnetic excitations in assemblies of dipolar coupled nanoparticles
DEMR, ONERA, Université Paris-Saclay, F-91123, Palaiseau, France
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Published online: 15 October 2020
The equilibrium magnetization configurations and the associated microwave susceptibility spectra of dipolar coupled nanoplatelets are explored using three-dimensional (3D) micromagnetic simulations. First, the case of periodic arrangements of nanoplatelets on square arrays is considered. As a result, a macro-vortex state defined as a flux closure pattern spreading over the whole array with or without a vortex core can be stabilized starting from an initial orthoradial magnetization configuration. For macro-vortex states with a vortex core, the linear excitation spectrum exhibits a sub-GHz resonance line ascribed to the vortex core dynamics at the array center. The features of this line (spectral position and amplitude) depend on the array size and the strength of the dipolar coupling through the interplatelet spacing. This resonance is also observed for macro-vortex states without a vortex core but only in the regime of a strong dipolar coupling. The effect of disorder is then investigated by numerically generating assemblies of nanoplatelets with a position disorder and, shape and size distributions. The micromagnetic simulations reveal flux closure magnetization configurations as well but without a vortex core. A low-frequency resonance appears in the susceptibility spectra for quite high surface contents of nanoplatelets but its amplitude is weaker compared to the case of periodic arrays. This line arises from a collective mode extended over a few nanoplatelets.
A large variety of static and dynamical behaviors is thus evidenced resulting in a great complexity even in such model systems.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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