NEUTRONIC BENCHMARK ON HOLOS-QUAD MICRO-REACTOR CONCEPT
1 Argonne National Laboratory 9700 S. Cass Avenue Argonne, IL 60439, USA
2 HolosGen LLC Manassas Park, Virginia, USA
Published online: 22 February 2021
The Holos-Quad micro-reactor concept is proposed by HolosGen LLC for civilian applications to generate 22 MWt with a lifetime of approximately 8 effective full power years (EFPYs). The design is based on a very innovative high-temperature gas-cooled reactor concept using four Subcritical Power Modules (SPMs) that fit into one commercial 40-foot transport ISO container. Neutronics benchmarks were developed based on a preliminary version of the Holos-Quad design to confirm feasibility of the neutronics design of this non-traditional high temperature gas-cooled (HTGR)-type micro-reactor concept. Calculations were performed using Monte Carlo codes (SERPENT and OpenMC) as well as the PROTEUS high-fidelity deterministic code for two exercises based on a unit cell model and a full core model. The results obtained showed good agreement with all of the evaluated parameters for the unit cell problem and the full core problem. SERPENT and OpenMC display consistently good agreement in eigenvalue within 150 pcm for the unit cell benchmark and less than 270 pcm for the full core benchmark. PROTEUS eigenvalues showed relatively larger differences but still reasonable agreement with the SERPENT solutions. For the depletion benchmark, the observed eigenvalue differences between SERPENT and OpenMC were within 300 pcm throughout the depletion up to 100 GWd/MT, ensuring that the two codes used equivalent input parameters such as the recoverable heat values for fission reactions. This benchmark exercise confirms the neutronic feasibility and core performance of the preliminary Holos-Quad design.
Key words: micro-reactor / neutronic benchmark / Monte Carlo / HTGR
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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