Phase Transitions in Ion-Exchange Materials during the Water Vapor Sorption
Russian State Agrarian University, Kaluga branch, RU-248007, Kaluga, Russia
2 Moscow State Technological University “STANKIN”, RU-127055, Moscow, Russia
Published online: 26 April 2021
Water vapor sorption process on ion-exchange materials was investigated using a model taking into account the mutual influence of variations in hydration energy and osmotic effect. At realistic parameter values, phase transitions of the first kind of the thin adsorbed liquid film and thick adsorbed liquid film type can occur. Possible reasons and criteria of the phase transitions that led to stepwise change of ionite resistance were discussed. The phase transitions obtained in this work manifest themselves as hysteresis loops on water vapor adsorption-desorption experimental isotherms. Hysteresis was observed experimentally both at high and at low values of relative air humidity. It was explained using different models: for high and low humidity separately. The present work made it possible to explain these critical phenomena using single mathematical model.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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