Modelling the influence of strain and strain rate on the thermal softening during dynamic loading of ductile metals
University of Catania, DICAR - Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Via Santa Sofia 64 – 95123 – Catania, Italy.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 9 September 2021
Although the combined effect of strain rate and temperature on the behaviour of metals is widely recognized, no universally accepted viewpoints are available about the physical phenomena. Experiments on a highly ductile A2-70 steel, performed at moderate dynamic rates (10 s-1) and different initial temperatures (20 to 150 °C), are firstly aimed here at assessing whether the thermal softening previously verified at static rates on the same steel is also suitable for describing now the mixed effect of dynamic rates and consequent variable temperatures, or further contributions to the thermal softening are necessary for describing such mixed effects. A general multiplicative model of the dynamic hardening is proposed, based on a static flow curve at room temperature to be increased by the dynamic amplification and to be decreased by the thermal softening, the latter incorporating the known “static component” depending on both strain and constant temperatures, together with a new “dynamic component” incorporating the dependence on the temperature variation and promoted by fast straining. The dynamic amplification of the stress is then obtained from another series of dynamic tests ran at initial room temperature and four nominal strain rates between 1 and 1800 s-1. The trend obtained is compatible with the seizing of the strain rate effect beyond necking onset, already found for other metals in previous works. All the experiments are based on the acquisition of the current load (by load cells for the testing machine and by strain gauges for the Hopkinson bar) and of the current cross section through optical diameter measurements by a fast camera; then, the effective current values of true stress-true strain-true strain rate are measured on a semi-local basis over the neck section at different instants during the test.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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