Characterization of Ottawa Sand and Application to Blast Simulations
Southwest Research Institute, 6220 Culebra Rd, San Antonio, TX 78238, USA
2 Rafael LTD, Haifa 3102102, Israel
* Corresponding author email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: 9 September 2021
The present work aims at presenting consistent data both from laboratory characterization and from blast tests to see how a computer model performs when only data from mechanical tests are being fed to the constitutive model. A sand (Ottawa 20-30) that meets ASTM C778 requirements, i.e., well characterized microscopically, was tested in triaxial compression under confinement pressures ranging from 50 to 300 MPa and moisture contents of 0 to 15% as well as high strain-rates. These tests provided both the experimental equation of state (pressure vs. volume) and compaction curves as well as the strength vs. pressure properties to build a constitutive model both in LS-DYNA and CTH. Blast tests were subsequently performed by burying explosive at three different depths inside a sand pot with a rigid steel plate on top. During flight, the height of the steel plate was tracked with Phantom high-speed cameras to determine the impulse transmitted to the plate as well as the maximum jump height. Simulations were performed with both an Eulerian code (CTH) and a Lagrangian/ALE code (LS-DYNA) using the constitutive model determined during the material characterization. The predictions of both codes are as close as 7% and as far as 22%, depending on the test configuration.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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