High-fidelity damage modelling of CFRP laminates for impact and crashworthiness applications – dynamic tube crushing simulations
Department of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
2 School of Civil Aviation, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Suzhou, China.
* Corresponding author: email@example.com (DES); firstname.lastname@example.org (DT); email@example.com (OFS)
Published online: 9 September 2021
Drop weight impact experiments were conducted on angle-ply carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) composite crush tubes. The dynamic response was modelled using explicit finite element methods and continuum damage mechanics and cohesive zone modelling in both Abaqus/Explicit and LS-DYNA. User-defined constitutive models for the intra-ply behaviour were used and a fibre-aligned meshing technique was implemented. The results of the experiments and simulations are compared to evaluate accuracy of the different modelling techniques, highlighting the advantages and drawbacks of each approach. Among these, the choice of meshing strategy is shown to be especially important in capturing the physical propagation of cracks and damage mechanisms in CFRP laminates.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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