The effect of Nb on the high strain rate hydrogen embrittlement of Q&P steel
Department of Electromechanical, Systems and Metal Engineering, Ghent University, Technologiepark 46, 9052 Zwijnaarde, Belgium
2 Department of Materials, Textiles and Chemical Engineering, Ghent University, Technologiepark 46, 9052 Zwijnaarde, Belgium
3 Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Delft University of Technology, Mekelweg 2, 2628CD Delft, The Netherlands
* Corresponding author: Florian.Vercruysse@UGent.be
Published online: 9 September 2021
Quenching and Partitioning (Q&P) steels are, due to their excellent combination of strength and ductility, seen as good candidates for the third generation advanced high strength steels (AHSS). Although the TRIP effect is beneficial for the overall mechanical behaviour of these steels it potentially can have detrimental effects when strained in a hydrogenenriched environment. The solubility of hydrogen is high in austenite but low in high carbon martensite. Martensite is even in the absence of hydrogen already a possible damage initiation spot. The effect of hydrogen under static and dynamic tensile loading was evaluated in a Q&P and a Nb micro-alloyed Q&P steel. Experiments were carried out under a strain rate ranging from 0.03 s-1 till 500 s-1 and correlated with the hydrogen uptake characterised via thermal desorption spectroscopy (TDS). The presence of Nb resulted in a 25% increase in the hydrogen uptake capacity. A higher susceptibility to hydrogen was observed in the Nb steel partially due to the high hydrogen fraction, but also because of the larger fraction of low stability austenite. However, when tested under dynamic conditions the hydrogen susceptibility is minor and even improved in the micro-alloyed Q&P steel compared to the standard Q&P steel.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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