Shock-reshock of zirconium to explore the effect of microstructure on the alpha-omega phase transformation
Los Alamos National Laboratory, Materials Science & Technology, PO Box 1663 Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
2 The University of New South Wales, School of Engineering and Information Technology, Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia
3 Dynamic Compression Sector, Institute for Shock Physics, Washington State University, Argonne, IL 60439, USA
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Published online: 9 September 2021
Phase transformations play an important role in the mechanical behavior of materials subjected to extreme loading conditions. A series of shock-reshock experiments were fielded to determine whether the phase transitions in materials are significantly enhanced or inhibited by preexisting microstructural features. Polycrystalline zirconium samples were shock loaded using gas-gun plate impact and soft recovered to examine microstructure using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Drive conditions were varied to study the (hcp) alpha to (hexagonal) omega solidsolid phase transformation. Recovered samples were then subjected to a second shock loading event to determine the change in material behavior as a function of pre-shock microstructure. Crystallography of phase fragments in the final microstructure showed that prior twinning (formed during the shock to a peak stress below the transition threshold) appeared to suppress omega formation/retention after reshock. Conversely, when a material was initially shocked into the omega phase field, retained-omega was not found to have a large impact on subsequent omega formation during reshock. This suggests that nucleation and growth of omega phase are important processes, and the relative activity of nucleation vs. growth processes is modified by a pre-existing substructure. Additionally, orientation relationships reveal a reverse transformation pathway (omega to alpha) dominates the final microstructure, suggesting significant grain growth in the omega phase field is possible even for dynamic timescales.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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